Diabetes is a condition in which glucose (sugar) builds up to abnormal levels in the bloodstream. This can lead to serious health problems, such as blindness, kidney failure and nerve pain.
When we eat, most of the food is broken down into glucose (sugar), which the body uses for growth and energy. Insulin is a hormone that moves glucose from the bloodstream into individual cells, giving each cell the energy it needs to function.
In diabetes, one of two problems can occur:
- The pancreas produces too little insulin or no insulin
- The cells of the body do not respond appropriately to the insulin in the bloodstream
The end result is too much glucose (sugar) in the bloodstream.