Treatment for diabetes will vary based on the type of diabetes you have. It may involve a combination of insulin replacement therapy, nutritional changes and an exercise regimen. If you have complications such as high blood pressure, your doctor may want to consider additional medications or interventions.
A small number of people with monogenic diabetes may benefit from sulfonylurea pills or simple lifestyle changes, rather than insulin therapy. Read more about monogenic diabetes.
Your doctor will likely ask you to monitor changes in your blood sugar by using a glucometer – a device that “reads” blood glucose levels with just a tiny drop of blood. Also, your doctor will ask you to come in regularly for a blood test that measures your hemoglobin a1c level. This measurement reveals your average blood glucose levels for the past two to three months.